ASTM stands for the American Society of Testing. ASTM was formerly the International Association for Testing Materials (IATM). The first IATM meeting was held in Europe in 1882 and formed a working committee. In 1902, the American Society for Testing Materials was officially declared independent at the fifth annual meeting of the international Society for Testing Materials.
ASTM is short for the American Society for Testing Materials. ASTM was formerly the International Association for Testing Materials (IATM). In the 1880 s, set up a technical committee system is advanced, the technical committee organization represented in terms of technical symposium, discussion to solve the dispute over the material specifications, test procedures, etc. The first IATM meeting was held in Europe in 1882 and formed a working committee. At that time, it was mainly to study the test methods of steel and other materials. In 1902, the American Society for Testing Materials was officially declared independent at the fifth annual meeting of the international Society for Testing Materials. With the expansion of the scope of its business and development of the society's work center is not only a research and develop material specification and test method standard, also includes a variety of materials, products, systems, services, project characteristics and performance standards, and test method, procedure and other standards. In 1961, the organization changed its name to the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM), which is still in use today.
ASTM is one of the oldest and largest non-profit standard academic groups in the United States. After a century of development, ASTM now has 33,669 members (individuals and groups), of whom 22,396 are members of the main committees serving as technical experts in their respective committees. ASTM's technical committee comprises a total of 2004 technical subcommittees. There are 105817 units participated in the ASTM standard formulation work, main task is to develop materials, products, systems, and services in the areas of features and performance standards, testing methods and standards, the main test items, except for child safety seats and baby supplies ASTM certification, textile materials ASTM certification, doll clothes ASTM certification, plastic toy ASTM certification, etc., to promote the development and popularization of knowledge.
ASTM standards have been developed using a system of voluntary consensus. The standard system is the responsibility of the technical committee and drafted by the standards working group. After a technical committee and technical committee vote, common to most members in the adoption of opinions, and by most of the members voted in favor of, only approved standard, published as a formal standard. In the process of a standard establishment, interested in the preparation of each member and any enthusiastic group has the right to their opinions, fully to put forward the opinion of the committee for research and treatment, to absorb all aspects of the correct opinions and Suggestions.
According to ASTM publications, in 1997 ASTM developed 350 new standards, 1,698 revised standards and 2,681 standardization activities. As can be seen from these figures, activities are frequent and effective. The ASTM standard is now divided into 15 categories (sections). The number of papers included in each category is different. The standard Volume is published. The standard yearbook categories, volumes and standard Numbers for 1999 are as follows:
Class I steel products
Class ii nonferrous metals
Test methods and analytical procedures for metallic materials of the third class
Category 4 construction materials
Category 5 petroleum products, lubricants and fossil fuels
Class 6 paints, related coatings and aromatic compounds
Category 7 textiles and materials
Class 8 plastics
Class 9 rubber
Category 10 electrical insulators and electronic products
Category 11 water and environmental technologies
Category 12: nuclear energy, solar energy
Medical equipment and services of category 13
Category 14 instruments and general test methods
Category 15 general industrial products, special chemicals and consumable materials